Niki Uzi ku ngingo z'ingenzi zo gukura kw'izuba?

Izuba Rirashe ni ubwoko bwizuba ryumuryango Asteraceae, alias: ururabyo rwizuba, izuba, izuba, izuba, izuba.Abantu benshi bariye imbuto yizuba, zikura nizuba, uzi bangahe kubyingenzi byingenzi byo gukura kwizuba?Ubutaha utanga imbuto yizuba izamenyekanisha ingingo zingenzi zo gukura kwizuba.

Imirasire y'izuba ikomoka muri Amerika y'Epfo, yiganjemo Abesipanyoli mu 1510 kuva muri Amerika y'Amajyaruguru kugera mu Burayi, mu ntangiriro yo gukoresha imitako.Ikinyejana cya 19, hanyuma asubizwa muri Amerika ya ruguru avuye mu Burusiya.Zihingwa mu Bushinwa.Imbuto yizuba yitwa imbuto yizuba kandi akenshi ikaranze ikaribwa nkibiryo, biryoshye.

What Do You Know about the Key Points of Growing Sunflowers?

1. Ni ubuhe bwoko bw'ubutaka bukunda gukura?

Ahantu henshi, izuba rihingwa kubutaka bwumunyu, umucanga nubutaka bwumutse, cyane cyane ko birwanya cyane kandi bidahenze kuruta ibindi bihingwa.Nubwo ururabyo rudafite ubutaka bukomeye, rushobora gukura ku butaka bwose, kuva ku butaka burumbuka kugeza ku butaka bwumutse, butabyara ndetse n’umunyu.Nyamara, ubushobozi bwo kongera umusaruro ni bwinshi iyo bwatewe mumirima ifite igicucu cyimbitse, humus nyinshi, imiterere myiza n'amazi meza hamwe no kubika ifumbire.Umusaruro mwiza ninyungu zubukungu zirashobora kuboneka.

2. Gusinzira kwizuba ryizuba ni ubuhe?

Kubijyanye namavuta yizuba ryizuba, gusinzira mubisanzwe nyuma yiminsi 20 kugeza kuri 50 nyuma yo gusarura.Gusinzira ni ngombwa mubinyabuzima kuko bituma imbuto ziguma 'zisinziriye' kugeza igihe cyo kubiba gisanzwe.Kumera birashobora kwirindwa kuri disiki mugihe cyisarura ryimbuto, kabone niyo haba harimvura ikomeje.Uku kuryama bizatambuka nyuma yisarura ryumwaka nigihe cyigihe cyo gutera.Mubihe bidasanzwe aho imbuto zasaruwe zikoreshwa mukubiba cyangwa gukora ubushakashatsi, gusinzira birashobora gucika intoki.Mubisanzwe, imbuto zashizwe mumuti wa microgramu 50 kugeza 100 / ml ya Ethylene glycol mumasaha 2 kugeza 4 hanyuma ikamera mugihe gikwiye.Gibberellin nayo ni ingirakamaro mu guca ukubiri nimbuto yizuba ryamavuta.

3. Ni ibihe bihe by'ikirere bikwiranye no guhinga izuba?

Izuba Rirashe ni igihingwa gikunda ubushyuhe nigihingwa cyihanganira ubukonje kandi gihuza neza nikirere.Iyo ubushyuhe bwubutaka mubutaka (0-20 cm) bugera kuri 2 ° C, imbuto zitangira kumera, 4-6 ° C zirashobora kumera na 8-10 ° C zirashobora gukoreshwa mugukura kwingemwe.Byongeye kandi, ingemwe zigaragara zifitanye isano rya bugufi nubwiza bwimbuto, ubushuhe, ogisijeni hamwe nimiterere yubutaka.

Amavuta rusange yizuba kuva ingemwe kugeza akuze akeneye ≥ 5 temperature ubushyuhe bwiza bwa 1700 ℃;ibiryo byizuba biribwa kuva ingemwe kugeza bikuze ≥ 5 temperature ubushyuhe bwiza bwo gukusanya hafi 1900 ℃.

 


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ugushyingo-10-2021